Head Injuries

Head injuries are part of normal life for people with young children and generally they don't need much more attention than a bit of rest, reassurance & and a cold compress on the bruised area. However, sometimes the injury might be more worrying, an injury sustained on a sports field perhaps or as a result of a fall. These casualties may feel sick and dizzy and have no memory of what happened, they need to be carefully watched for 24-48 hours after the injury. If the injury leads to the person losing consciousness they need urgent medical attention.  As always, it is ‘better to be safe than sorry’.  

Concussion - Caused by vibration within the skull following a blow to the head resulting in widespread disturbance.

Compression - Caused by pressure on the brain as a result of swelling, fracture or bleeding within the skull.




Keep them safe and seated until vision is fully restored.  Watch for any deterioration – they should begin to improve quickly.  They must be seen by a doctor to ensure the condition is not developing into compression.



If unconscious, or conscious with noisy breathing place in the Recovery Position.

If conscious lie down with head and shoulders supported and reassure.  Call an ambulance urgently.  If they are losing fluid from an ear, incline their head to that side and place a pad under the ear.







Peak Skills - Head Injury

Accreditation, registration and compliance…. What’s it all about?

Until a few years ago checking the credentials of a first aid training organisation was easy.  All that was needed was to check they were registered with the HSE, or with an HSE approved centre….easy, but limiting for training providers and the courses they could offer.  On the 1st October 2013 things changed.  The HSE no longer approves training providers, although they do still demand certain criteria are met if first aid provision is to meet legal requirements for a workplace, namely to ensure a required standard. 

A burn for a child can be very distressing and painful, but correct treatment given quickly can go a long way in ensuring it heals properly.  Firstly, ensure your and the child’s safety, make sure whatever caused the burn is no longer a risk.  Flood the burnt area with cool running water for at least ten minutes.  Our bodies can hold on to heat for much longer than we might think and damage can still develop for quite a while after the burn has happened.  Take off anything that may restrict the circulation should the burn swell, but do not remove anything that has become stuck to the burn’s surface.  If the child can not stand the cool running water for that long, fill a bowl or jug with cold water and immerse the burnt area in it.  You will need to change the water frequently in this case as their body will quickly heat the water and it will soon become unhelpful in the cooling process.  After ten minutes check on the burn.  If it is still feeling sore and hot, re-cool for a further ten minutes.  Once it has fully cooled, the area can be dressed with a clean, dry, non-fluffy dressing (preferably a burns dressing) or covered (not wrapped) with a strip of clean cling film.  Please do not apply creams to a burn and certainly not butter, as in my grandmother’s day, or honey, or toothpaste, or any other interesting things that come up as suggestions on some first aid courses!  Burns that are large, deep, surround a limb, involve the face, neck, chest, palms of hands, soles of feet, genitals or are caused by electricity or chemicals must be treated at hospital.  It is also important to remember that the old and the young are more susceptible to complications from burns and should also be checked out by a medical professional. 

More information on burns is discussed on our paediatric first aid courses, so find a date that suits you!


AuthorSam Palmer